Introduction ::MontserratBackground:English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.Geography ::MontserratLocation:Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto RicoGeographic coordinates:16 45 N, 62 12 WArea:total: 102 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 226land: 102 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:40 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nmexclusive fishing zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variationTerrain:volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowlandElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: lava dome in English's Crater (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) estimated at over 930 m (2006)Natural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: 20%permanent crops: 0%other: 80% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:volcanic eruptions; severe hurricanes (June to November)volcanism: Soufriere Hills volcano (elev. 915 m), has erupted continuously since 1995; a massive eruption in 1997 destroyed most of the capital, Plymouth, and resulted in approximately half of the island becoming uninhabitableEnvironment - current issues:land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivationGeography - note:the island is entirely volcanic in origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing agesPeople and Society ::MontserratNationality:noun: Montserratian(s)adjective: MontserratianEthnic groups:black, whiteLanguages:EnglishReligions:Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations), Roman CatholicPopulation:5,189 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 230note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returnedAge structure:0-14 years: 26.2% (male 708/female 652)15-24 years: 13.5% (male 357/female 341)25-54 years: 47.9% (male 1,174/female 1,309)55-64 years: 6.3% (male 156/female 171)65 years and over: 6.2% (male 199/female 122) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 30.8 yearsmale: 30.3 yearsfemale: 31.3 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.48% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 152Birth rate:11.37 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Death rate:6.55 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 148Net migration rate:0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 96Urbanization:urban population: 14% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female65 years and over: 1.55 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 14.16 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 117male: 10.86 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 17.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 73.65 yearscountry comparison to the world: 120male: 75.31 yearsfemale: 71.91 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.28 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 216Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 96% of populationrural: 96% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:urban: 4% of populationrural: 4% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:5.8% of GDP (2009)country comparison to the world: 43Literacy:definition: age 15 and over has ever attended schooltotal population: 97%male: 97%female: 97% (1970 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 15 yearsmale: 14 yearsfemale: 17 years (2007)Government ::MontserratCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: MontserratDependency status:overseas territory of the UKGovernment type:NACapital:name: Plymouthgeographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 Wtime difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)note: Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of MontserratAdministrative divisions:3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint PeterIndependence:none (overseas territory of the UK)National holiday:Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)Constitution:Montserrat Constitution Order 2010, effective 1 September 2011Legal system:English common lawSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Adrian DAVIS (since 8 April 2011)head of government: Premier Rueben T. MEADE (since 27 September 2011); note - the office of premier came into effect with the new Constitution Order; he replaces the Chief Ministercabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the premier, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes premierLegislative branch:unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats; 9 members popularly elected to serve five-year terms; the attorney general and financial secretary sit as ex-officio members)elections: last held on 8 September 2009 (next to be held by 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MCAP 6, independents 3Judicial branch:highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Montserrat; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; 1 judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of Montserrat and presides over the High Courtnote - Montserrat is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justicejudge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62subordinate courts: magistrate's courtPolitical parties and leaders:Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Flag description:blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the arms feature a woman in green dress, Erin, the female personification of Ireland, standing beside a yellow harp and embracing a large dark cross with her right arm; Erin and the harp are symbols of Ireland reflecting the territory's Irish ancestry; blue represents awareness, trustworthiness, determination, and righteousnessNational anthem:note: as a territory of the United Kingdom, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see United Kingdom)Economy ::MontserratEconomy - overview:Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airport and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998 but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. Half of the island remains uninhabitable. In January 2013, the EU announced the disbursement of a $55.2 million aid package to Montserrat in order to boost the country's economic recovery, with a specific focus on public finance management, public sector reform, and prudent economic management.GDP (purchasing power parity):$43.78 million (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 225GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - real growth rate:3.5% (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 98GDP - per capita (PPP):$8,500 (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 129GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 95.7%government consumption: 53.4%investment in fixed capital: 35.2%investment in inventories: 0%exports of goods and services: 23.6%imports of goods and services: -107.9%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1.6%industry: 23.2%services: 75.1% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock productsIndustries:tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliancesIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:4,521 (2012)country comparison to the world: 223Unemployment rate:6% (1998 est.)country comparison to the world: 60Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $31.4 millionexpenditures: $37.04 million (2011 est.)Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):3.3% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1023.7% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:10.99% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 536.5% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:8.3% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1098.56% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$16.07 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 189$15.25 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$71.33 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 191$63.19 million (31 December 2010 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$5.185 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 190$12.59 million (31 December 2010 est.)Exports:$3.6 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 217$1.26 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattleImports:$30 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 218$26.32 million (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materialsReserves of foreign exchange and gold:$24.81 million (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 168Debt - external:$8.9 million (1997)country comparison to the world: 197Exchange rates:East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -2.7 (2012 est.)2.7 (2011 est.)2.7 (2010 est.)2.7 (2009)Energy ::MontserratElectricity - production:22 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 211Electricity - consumption:20.46 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 211Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 97Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 209Electricity - installed generating capacity:10,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 24Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 154Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 92Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 160Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Refined petroleum products - consumption:1,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 201Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 197Refined petroleum products - imports:572.6 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 201Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 168Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 93Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:147,100 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Communications ::MontserratTelephones - main lines in use:2,600 (2010)country comparison to the world: 216Telephones - mobile cellular:4,200 (2010)country comparison to the world: 213Telephone system:general assessment: modern and fully digitalizeddomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 1-664; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad (2011)Broadcast media:Radio Montserrat, a public radio broadcaster, transmits on 1 station and has a repeater transmission to a second station; repeater transmissions from the GEM Radio Network of Trinidad and Tobago provide another 2 radio stations; cable and satellite TV available (2007)Internet country code:.msInternet hosts:2,431 (2012)country comparison to the world: 160Internet users:1,200 (2009)country comparison to the world: 213Transportation ::MontserratAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 225Airports - with paved runways:total: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Roadways:note: volcanic eruptions that began in 1995 destroyed most of the 227 km road system; a new road infrastructure has been built on the north end of the island (2008)Ports and terminals:Little Bay, PlymouthMilitary ::MontserratMilitary branches:no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force (2011)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 1,353 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,135females age 16-49: 1,223 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 35female: 34 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::MontserratDisputes - international:noneIllicit drugs:transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Montserrat — Montserrat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Montserrat — [mɔnsɛ rrat; katalanisch »gesägter Berg«], 1) der, wuchtiges, fast isoliertes Bergmassiv aus Nagelfluh und Kalkkonglomeraten, nordwestlich von Barcelona am rechten Ufer des Llobregat im Katalonischen Randgebirge, Spanien; rd. 10 km lang, 5… … Universal-Lexikon
Montserrat — puede hacer referencia a: ● Montserrat:isla en el mar Caribe dependiente del Reino Unido. ● Montserrat:monasterio ubicado en la montaña del mismo nombre. ● Montserrat:montaña situada en Cataluña, España. ● Montserrat:cadena de supermercados… … Enciclopedia Universal
Montserrat — Montserrat, Zackenberg, ein sägeförmig gebildeter Kalkfelsen in der spanischen Provinz Catalonien, 3937 F. hoch, und theils wegen seiner wunderbar pittoresken Gestalt, theils wegen der an seinem Fuße liegenden Benedictinerabtei merkwürdig. Die 70 … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Montserrat — f Catalan: Marian name, referring to the famous Benedictine monastery of the Virgin Mary founded in 976 on the mountain of Montserrat near Barcelona. The mountain gets its name from Latin mons serrātus jagged hill. Short forms: Montse, Monse … First names dictionary
Montserrat — (spr. Mongsähra), Kalkgebirg in der spanischen Provinz Barcelona, am Llobregat, mitvielen hervorragenden Spitzen, auf deren höchster (3800 Fuß hoch), die Benedictinerabtei M. steht, in welcher sich Ignaz von Loyola eine Zeitlang aufhielt. Zum… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Montserrāt  — Montserrāt, Gebirge, s. Monserrat … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Montserrāt  — Montserrāt, britisch westind. Insel, zu den Kleinen Antillen gehörig, unter 16°43´ nördl. Br. und 62°13´ westl. L., südwestlich von Antigua, 83 qkm groß, mit (1901) 12,215 Einw. Die Insel ist durchaus vulkanisch, reich an heißen Quellen und… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Montserrat — Montserrāt. 1) Felsengebirge in Spanien, 1237 m hoch, zwischen Besos, Llobregat und Noyn; seit 1892 Zahnradbahn von Monistrol; das. 739 m hoch, in der Prov. Katalonien, das einst berühmte Benediktinerkloster Nostra Señora de M. (880 erbaut, jetzt … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Montserrat  — Montserrat (Mongfera), Landschaft in Piemont, selbständig bis in das 16. Jahrh., zuerst Markgrafschaft, dann Herzogthum, kam zuerst an Mantua. 1703 zu Sardinien; war 50 QM. groß und hatte Casale zur Hauptstadt. Geschichtlich berühmt sind die… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Montserrat  — Montserrat d.h. Sägeberg. 3800 hoher Kalkberg in Catalonien mit vielen Klüften u. Spitzen, einer jetzt größtentheils zerstörten weltberühmten Benedictinerabtei, mehren Einsiedeleien … Herders Conversations-Lexikon